What is industrial archaeology? How has it developed historically, and what special concerns does its conservation present? How should we deal with buildings and equipment deprived of their original functions or artefacts that are parts of more complex wholes? How do we manage contaminated sites? How do we conserve on sites where industrial production continues? And what might the future hold, as the planet becomes ever more industrialised? Through exemplary case studies we will consider such challenges and discuss some of the responses: “conserve as found”, adaptive reuse, recording and interpretation… Come to ASCHB2019 and join in the debate!